Career Pathways is an emerging workforce planning strategy used in the United States for support workers‖ transitions from formal education to employment. It has been found that career paths are useful indicators of individuals’ potentials. This approach helps managers and others to determine where an individual fits within a company’s structure of progression. The career path is usually delineated by a series of milestones or action steps. An individual moving from one career pathway to another is referred to as transitioning. Often people choose a career path because it offers them a variety of employment opportunities in their field.
A career path is advantageous when it helps employees identify their strong areas of talent, identify which skills and talents they possess that can be applied successfully in respective fields and helps them develop an understanding of their personality traits that affect their effectiveness in particular job markets. These factors contribute to the success or failure of an individual’s career. The US Department of Labor defines career paths as “typically measured over a period of one to five years” and is “designed to aid in the identification of skill requirements and places of employment.” Broadly, career paths are categorized as management oriented, sales oriented, and service oriented. The three main types of career paths in the United States are:
Managers are typically in charge of planning the objectives and the direction of a company or organization. They are also responsible for setting the goals and the methods for attaining them. In some companies, however, managers have few direct tasks. Managers are involved in recruiting, hiring, training, and promoting employees. Depending on the manager’s role, they may delegate other duties, such as budgeting, to employees below them on the ladder of management.
Employees who complete a management role attain the status of supervisor. Supervisors can have wide-ranging responsibilities such as creating employee rewards programs and policies, managing employee turnover, scheduling job duties, implementing productivity policies, reviewing employee evaluations, and so forth. To develop career paths in this category, employees must demonstrate the ability to delegate tasks and meet performance goals. If you possess these skills, you can create career paths in this category.
Marketing and advertising professionals can pursue a number of career paths within this category. A degree in marketing and advertising will equip you to perform a number of functions in both your personal and professional life. You can work in human resources, customer service, sales, and marketing departments, according to the type of job you seek. A marketing and advertising degree program will teach you how to recruit, hire, train, and motivate employees, as well as how to manage advertising and promotional budgets. In addition to the classroom education, you can gain valuable hands-on experience by participating in internship programs run by career development centers and companies that offer employee development opportunities.
Marketing and advertising professionals can take charge of their careers by specializing in a specific field of endeavor. For instance, there are several marketing and advertising specialties, such as public relations, advertising, and marketing, among others. As a result, the number of available career paths in this category is very large. You can specialize in either public relations or marketing, or even both. Your career development center can help you choose the specialization that best suits your needs.
Human resources can pursue a variety of career paths within human resources. An HR career may focus on recruiting, hiring, and promoting employees to management levels. As a part of this effort, the HR department also plays an important role in employee satisfaction. When working with employees, HR personnel should develop work environments where employees are given the space and freedom to learn and grow. Developing these spaces encourages high morale and employee engagement, which in turn can have a significant positive impact on overall employee productivity. The HR career path in human resources also encompasses a number of core values.
Although there are a number of career paths within human resources, these are by far the most common. Many organizations will advertise their current openings or will feature positions that are open to the public. Job seekers can use these ads to begin the process of narrowing down the types of careers that best fit their individual needs. When job candidates spend time learning about careers and their prospective job positions, they will be more likely to make successful career changes.